The shia represents the second largest piece of islam after sunni islam and is approximately fifteen to twenty-five percent of muslims worldwide the chain continues from father to son up until his ninth descendant imam muhammad al- mahdi, who is the savior of mankind, therefore making up twelve imams in total. Imāmah (arabic: اٍمامة ) means leadership and is a concept in twelver theology the twelve imams are the spiritual and political successors to muhammad, the prophet of islam, in the twelver branch of shia islam according to twelver theology, the successors to muhammad are infallible human beings, who rule justly over. A second group of essays in the volume is devoted to the examination of intellectual traditions in different muslim communities overview) examines the distinctive features of ismaili theological and philosophical thought centred on the shi'i doctrine of imamate and an esoteric conception of knowledge. When this brief historical survey shows the absolute importance of just leadership , something which no muslim can deny, it is bizarre that a group of muslims would in summary we can see that in the qur'an the term imam has been used to refer to that book sent by allah (swt) to provide guidance for the people, when the. Islam is visualized as having one and the same impact wherever and whenever it meets whatever society these theoretical foundations formed the main 5 rida , r, the caliphate of the supreme imamate, (al-khilafah aw'al-imamat 'al-uzma) abderraziq's essay is divided in a symmetrical mode in three books.
Such leaders were the imams, who inherited the mantle of the prophet in providing the revealed guidance for the creation of the islamic order besides these sociocultural traditions, another factor, derived from the qur'anic concept of the exalted position of the prophetic families, also played a significant role. Meanwhile, the leadership of the shi'a community continued with 'imams' believed to be divinely appointed from the prophet's family unlike the sunni caliphs, the shi'a imams generally lived in the shadow of the state and were independent of it the largest sect of shi'a islam is known as the twelvers,. The main branch of shi'ite islam is called imamiyyah or twelver shi'ism this branch claims that there have been twelve imams who have descended from the prophet muhammad with the exception of the third imam, husayn, who became imam after his brother abdicated his claim to the caliphate, the imamate has been.
The shiites (a name derived from the arabic shiat ali, the party of ali) constitute one of the two major branches of islam, the other, larger branch being the sunnites following the death of muhammad, disagreement arose as to the necessary qualifications and exact function of his successors as leaders (imams) of the. Oxford cambridge and rsa examinations gce religious studies advanced gce unit g588: islam mark scheme for june 2011 ao1 the essay topic gives candidates the opportunity to explore and pull together the different imamate for shi'a muslims with some reference to ziyara, minor pilgrimages to the tombs.
The twelve imams are the spiritual and political succesors to the islamic prophet muhammad in the twelver or athnā'ashariyyah branch of shia islam, including that of the alawite and the alevi sects according to the theology of twelvers, the twelve imams are exemplary human individuals who not only rule over the. The concept of imamate or leadership in islam is a concept which is present in all schools of islamic theology and jurisprudence this is because all schools recognise the need for a leader however, the scope of the authority of imamate and its specifications are subject to intense intellectual debates amongst the different.
In islamic terminology al-khilafah and al-khalifah practically signify the same meanings as al-ima'mah and al-ima'm repectively the question of imamate and caliphate has torn the muslim community apart and has affected the thinking and philosophy of the different groups so tremendously that summary of differences. The imamat was passed on to him by his grandfather sir sultan mohamed shah aga khan iii on july 11, 1957 hh aga khan is the 49th imam of the religious office of the shia imami ismaili muslim community, also known as ismaili muslims per the ismaili muslim tradition, hh aga khan, is a direct lineal. Nebraska this essay is excerpted from his book “divisions within islam,” part of a 10-volume series for where the two branches differ is over the question of who should hold the political leadership (imamate) of the islamic community the sunnis believe that the prophet muhammad died without saying anything about. 7 islam : b eliefs and teachings usul ad-din, the five roots of religion, can also be referred to as the 'foundation of faith' they are: oneness of god (tawid) justice of god (adl or adalah) prophethood (nubuwwah) leadership (imamat) resurrection (qayamat) 1 the oneness of god (tawid): there is one god who has no.
Brief note on the interchangeability of the terms 'caliphate' and 'imamate' ad- dumaiji begins his book by explaining that islamic authorities have always understood the terms 'imamate' and 'caliphate' to be interchangeable, and that the titles of 'imam' and emir al- mu'mineen ('commander of the faithful'). Sociology of shiʿite islam is a comprehensive study of the development of shiʿism its bearers first emerged as a sectarian elite, then a hierocracy and finally a theocracy imamate, occultation and the theodicy of martyrdom are identified as the main components of the shiʻism as a world religion in these collected essays. Many scholars consider the publication of the essay islam and the foundations of political 2 for discussion of the impact of abdel razek's essay, refer to mohammad 'amara, al-islam wa uṣūl al-ḥukm: 9 rashid rida, al-khilāfa wal -imāma al-'uẓma [“the caliphate and the great imamate”], first.