Federal government - canada - history - addresses, essays, lectures 2 federal government - australia - history - 1897-1914 - addresses, essays, lectures i hodgins 1901), p 117 3 annotated constitution of the australian commonwealth (melbourne, 1901), p vii in australia, the coordinate federation of 1901 has. Australian federation discuss arguments used for and against the idea of federation in the late nineteenth century 862 words - 3 pages reasons for australian federationin 1901, the six colonies of australia federated as a nation it was, however, a long process, as there were arguments against this idea including. Question: outline the main reasons for federation what was the main reason federation happened in 1901 when the six separate australian colonies came together to form what is now the commonwealth of australia it occurred for many reasons including: to unite the defence of australia to make uniform bank laws. After a series of conferences and meetings, a draft australian federal constitution was drawn up then a series of referendums were put to the people, until finally, in 1900, there was a majority agreement for federation the commonwealth of australia was proclaimed on 1st january 1901 at a grand ceremony in sydney's. No ideas have been more important to australia's political development, both in the colonial era and in the period since federation on 1 january 1901, than liberalism and liberal it has always, as illustrated in the essays in this book, embraced a range of values central to the political, social and economic life of the nation.
Federation to 1945: the commonwealth of australia was established on january 1, 1901 after approval of a draft constitution by australian voters, the british parliament had passed legislation in 1900 to enable the commonwealth to come into existence the constitution gave the commonwealth, or federal government,. The constitution of the commonwealth of australia came into force on 1 january 1901 the creation of “one indissoluble federal commonwealth under the crown of the united kingdom of great britain and ireland” was the result of protracted negotiations throughout the 1890s between the framers of the constitution, the. Separate colonies developed into states that were united under a federal system of government after federation in 1901 gradually the influence of british governance declined in the 1840's, males over 21 years old, in the australian colony who rented or owned properties worth £200 or more were only allowed to vote. The commonwealth parliament of australia was just 13 years old when world war i broke out on 28 july 1914 prior to federation in 1901, each australian colony had been responsible for its own defence arrangements at federation, section 51(vi) of the australian constitution gave the.
The constitution, the monarch and the governor-general the federal system australia became an independent nation on 1 january 1901 when the british parliament passed legislation allowing the six australian colonies to govern in their own right as part of the commonwealth of australia the commonwealth of. 1901 the australian colonies federated to form the commonwealth of australia the union jack continued as the national flag, taking precedence over the australian red and blue shipping ensigns gazetted in 1903 melbourne was the interim federal capital the australian capital territory was created out of new south.
2 referendums were held to determine federation the first was lost but in 1899 all colonies, except wa, which agreed in 1900, decided on federation australia became a federated country or commonwealth on january 1st, 1901 with 6 states lord hopetoun was appointed by queen victoria, as the first governor. Federation is the joining of states to become one nation the australian government first considered federation in 1890 when premier henry parkes convinced other premiers to discuss federation in the australasian federation convention australia finally federated in 1901 after many failed attempts at doing so australia. On 23 december 1901, the immigration restriction act came into law it had been among the first pieces of legislation introduced to the newly formed federal parliament the legislation was specifically designed to limit non-british migration to australia and allowed for the deportation of 'undesirable' people who had settled. In the next few paragraphs, the reasons how and why australia became a federation will be discussed some of the reasons 'why' are trade (nsw/victoria rivalry), communication and fear of invasion by germanyon january 1, 1901, australia's six self-governing colonies became states in an “indissoluble federal.
When the constitution of australia came into force, on 1 january 1901, the colonies collectively became states of the commonwealth of australia the efforts to bring about federation in the mid-19th century were dogged by the lack of popular support for the movement a number of conventions were held during the 1890s to. Find out more about federation and john curtin as a nation builder by delving into this comprehensive essay by dr bobbie oliver bobbie's historical work formed the basis for the jcpml exhibition shaping the nation: john curtin and australia.